Know more

About cookies

What is a "cookie"?

A "cookie" is a piece of information, usually small and identified by a name, which may be sent to your browser by a website you are visiting. Your web browser will store it for a period of time, and send it back to the web server each time you log on again.

Different types of cookies are placed on the sites:

  • Cookies strictly necessary for the proper functioning of the site
  • Cookies deposited by third party sites to improve the interactivity of the site, to collect statistics

Learn more about cookies and how they work

The different types of cookies used on this site

Cookies strictly necessary for the site to function

These cookies allow the main services of the site to function optimally. You can technically block them using your browser settings but your experience on the site may be degraded.

Furthermore, you have the possibility of opposing the use of audience measurement tracers strictly necessary for the functioning and current administration of the website in the cookie management window accessible via the link located in the footer of the site.

Technical cookies

Name of the cookie


Shelf life

CAS and PHP session cookies

Login credentials, session security



Saving your cookie consent choices

12 months

Audience measurement cookies (AT Internet)

Name of the cookie


Shelf life


Trace the visitor's route in order to establish visit statistics.

13 months


Store the anonymous ID of the visitor who starts the first time he visits the site

13 months


Identify the numbers (unique identifiers of a site) seen by the visitor and store the visitor's identifiers.

13 months

About the AT Internet audience measurement tool :

AT Internet's audience measurement tool Analytics is deployed on this site in order to obtain information on visitors' navigation and to improve its use.

The French data protection authority (CNIL) has granted an exemption to AT Internet's Web Analytics cookie. This tool is thus exempt from the collection of the Internet user's consent with regard to the deposit of analytics cookies. However, you can refuse the deposit of these cookies via the cookie management panel.

Good to know:

  • The data collected are not cross-checked with other processing operations
  • The deposited cookie is only used to produce anonymous statistics
  • The cookie does not allow the user's navigation on other sites to be tracked.

Third party cookies to improve the interactivity of the site

This site relies on certain services provided by third parties which allow :

  • to offer interactive content;
  • improve usability and facilitate the sharing of content on social networks;
  • view videos and animated presentations directly on our website;
  • protect form entries from robots;
  • monitor the performance of the site.

These third parties will collect and use your browsing data for their own purposes.

How to accept or reject cookies

When you start browsing an eZpublish site, the appearance of the "cookies" banner allows you to accept or refuse all the cookies we use. This banner will be displayed as long as you have not made a choice, even if you are browsing on another page of the site.

You can change your choices at any time by clicking on the "Cookie Management" link.

You can manage these cookies in your browser. Here are the procedures to follow: Firefox; Chrome; Explorer; Safari; Opera

For more information about the cookies we use, you can contact INRAE's Data Protection Officer by email at or by post at :


24, chemin de Borde Rouge -Auzeville - CS52627 31326 Castanet Tolosan cedex - France

Last update: May 2021

Menu Logo Principal

Home page

RA3 - Development of infection models

© Inra, Didier Marie
RA3 has as its objectives to provide the project partners with well characterized cell culture systems (primary, finite and established cell lines) as well as stem cells for their specific applications, to intensify the work with vector borne diseases and therefore to optimise the availability of sample material and diagnostic protocols for these diseases and to reinforce the cooperation in fish disease research by generating standardised samples of fish infected with exotic and non-exotic diseases.


The sudden occurrence of Bluetongue disease in central Europe, a disease that was supposed to be restricted to Africa and southern Europe, has taught scientists as well as animal disease officials and politicians several important lessons:

  • the actual spread of any disease or disease agent can never be considered to be stable,
  • it is therefore urgently important for animal as well as human health to carefully watch the development of disease spreads,
  • researchers and diagnosticians should try to establish diagnostic tools for the rapid detection and confirmation of any newly occurring disease,
  • certain animal disease research institutes should produce defined tissue and serum samples from animals infected with the most threatening diseases in order to enable a rapid development and distribution of diagnostic and therapeutic tools, should the respective disease be detected in Europe. Given today’s threats to the present balance of spread between aquatic or terrestrial species and ‘their’ disease agents, mostly represented by the immense travel activities of humans and animals, as well as the movement of endemic zones for both disease vectors and disease agents, this topic is more important than ever before in order to provide a minimum safety of the actual human and animal health situation.


In order to offer optimal tools to diagnosticians as well as researchers for their work, the aim of this workpackage is to produce and present standardized collections of cell culture systems that are essential for the propagation of many disease agents, of reference virus and bacterial strains, and of tissue and body fluid samples from animals naturally or experimentally infected with certain agents. Only if such standardized tools are made available to the research community, a rapid progress in the characterization of so far unknown or hardly known disease agents can be achieved.

Furthermore, an effective collaboration of European institutes working in related fields is only possible if the applied methodology and tools are comparable, if not identical. Cell culture allows knowledge to be gained on cell biology in areas of genetics, proteomics and associated with biological functions involved in physiological and pathological conditions. This knowledge and the efficiency with which cells may be cultured in specialized laboratories will yield tremendous advances in many fields. Biochemical markers can be used to determine define cell types and assay for specialized functions that are relevant for in vivo functions. Morphological features and nucleic acid markers can also be used to characterise the cells.

Task leaders

  • RA3.1 – Cell culture
    Task leader: Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut (Germany)
  • RA3.2 – Vector borne viruses
    Task leader: Centre de Recerca en Sanitat Animal (Spain) and Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut (Germany)
  • RA3.3 – Emerging aquatic animal diseases
    Task Leader: Veterinærinstituttet (Denmark).